Kana-Moji Nyuuryoku-you Roomaji: JIS X 4063

  Roomaji ni wa, yomaseru tame no Roomaji to kanaMoji o Nyuuryoku suru tame no Roomaji ga ari-masu. Kana-Moji o Nyuuryoku suru tame no Roomaji to shite JIS X 4063 ga ari-masu. Kunrei-shiki ni fukumarenai tsuzuri o Shoukai shi-masu.

  • A
Roomaji fa
hwa
gwa kwa
qa
tsa va xa xwa
Kana-Moji [HUa] [KU"a] [KUa] [TUa] [U"a] [a] [wa]
  • E
Roomaji che
tye
fe
hwe
je
zye
kwe
qe
she
sye
tse ve we
whe
wye xe ye
Kana-Moji [TIe] [HUe] [SI"e] [KUe] [SIe] [TUe] [U"e] [Ue] [WE] [e] [Ie]
  • I
Roomaji d'i
dhi
fi
hwi
kwi
qi
t'i
thi
tsi vi wi
whi
wyi xi
Kana-Moji [TE"i] [HUi] [KUi] [TEi] [TUi] [U"i] [Ui] [WI] [i]
  • O
Roomaji fo
hwo
kwo
qo
tso vo who xo
Kana-Moji [HUo] [KUo] [TUo] [U"o] [Uo] [o]
  • U
Roomaji d'u
dwu
t'u
twu
vu xu xtu
xtsu
Kana-Moji [TO"u] [TOu] [U"] [u] [tu]
  • YA
Roomaji cya jya xya
Kana-Moji [TIya] [SI"ya] [ya]
  • YO
Roomaji cyo jyo xyo
Kana-Moji [TIyo] [SI"yo] [yo]
  • YU
Roomaji cyu d'yu
dhu
fyu
hwyu
jyu t'yu
thu
vyu xyu
Kana-Moji [TIyu] [TE"yu] [HUyu] [SI"yu] [TEyu] [U"yu] [yu]
  • N
Roomaji nn
Kana-Moji [N~]

  "nn" o nozoki, Kunrei-shiki de mitomerareta Dokuji no Kakuchou ni nari-masu. Tokoro ga "nn" dake wa, tsugi no you ni Kunrei-shiki to kotonaru tsuzuri ga tsukuri-dasarete shimai-masu.

Kana-Moji [ZE NI N~] [ZE N~ I N~] [ZE N~ NI N~]
Kunrei Zenin Zen'in Zennin
JIS X 4063 Zenin Zennin Zennnin

Kunrei-shiki kara michibiki-dasu Hebon-shiki to Nihon-shiki

  Hebon-shiki mo Nihon-shiki mo Kunrei-shiki kara michibiki-dase-masu. Kunrei-shiki ni fukumarenai kimari o tsuke-kuwaeru dake de, Hebon-shiki to Nihon-shiki ga dekiagari-masu.

Kunrei-shiki (Kunrei Dai 1 Hyou)

  • Dai 1 Hyou
A I U E O YA YU YO
a i u e o
K ka ki ku ke ko kya kyu kyo
S sa si su se so sya syu syo
T ta ti tu te to tya tyu tyo
N na ni nu ne no nya nyu nyo
H ha hi hu he ho hya hyu hyo
M ma mi mu me mo mya myu myo
Y ya (i) yu (e) yo
R ra ri ru re ro rya ryu ryo
W wa (i) (u) (e) (o)
G ga gi gu ge go gya gyu gyo
Z za zi zu ze zo zya zyu zyo
D da (zi) (zu) de do (zya) (zyu) (zyo)
B ba bi bu be bo bya byu byo
P pa pi pu pe po pya pyu pyo
  • Haneru-on: "n"
  • Haneru-on: "n'" ("a, i, u, e, o, y" no mae)
  • Tsumaru-on: "kk, ss, tt, pp" (Shiin-ji o kasaneru)
  • Chouon: "â, î, û, ê, ô" (Circumflex o tsukau)
  • Chouon: "AA, II, UU, EE, OO" (Oomoji de katu Circumflex ga tsukaenai toki)
  • Dai 2 Hyou
A I U O YA YU YO
SH sha shi shu sho
TS tsu
CH cha chi chu cho
F fu
J ja ji ju jo
D di du dya dyu dyo
KW kwa
GW gwa
W wo
  • Ue 5-Gyou wa Hebon-shiki ni Yurai suru tsuzuri
  • Shita 4-Gyou wa Nihon-shiki ni Yurai suru tsuzuri

Hebon-shiki (Kunrei Dai 1 Hyou, Dai 2 Hyou ue 5 Gyou)

A I U E O YA YU YO
a i u e o
K ka ki ku ke ko kya kyu kyo
S sa shi su se so sha shu sho (*1)
T ta chi tsu te to cha chu cho (*2)
N na ni nu ne no nya nyu nyo
H ha hi fu he ho hya hyu hyo (*3)
M ma mi mu me mo mya myu myo
Y ya (i) yu (e) yo
R ra ri ru re ro rya ryu ryo
W wa (i) (u) (e) (o)
G ga gi gu ge go gya gyu gyo
Z za ji zu ze zo ja ju jo (*4)
D da (ji) (zu) de do (ja) (ju) (jo) (*4)
B ba bi bu be bo bya byu byo
P pa pi pu pe po pya pyu pyo
  • (*1) "si, sya, syu, syo" → "shi, sha, shu, sho"
  • (*2) "ti, tu, tya, tyu, tyo" → "chi, tsu, cha, chu, cho"
  • (*3) "hu" → "fu"
  • (*4) "zi, zya, zyu, zyo" → "ji, ja, ju, jo"
  • Kunrei-shiki ni fukumarenai kimari.
    • Haneru-on: "m" ("b, p, m" no mae)
    • Tsumaru-on: "tch" ("ch" no mae wa "t")
    • Chouon: "ā, ī, ū, ē, ō" (Macron o tsukau)

Nihon-shiki (Kunrei Dai 1 Hyou, Dai 2 Hyou shita 4 Gyou)

A I U E O YA YU YO WA
a i u e o
K ka ki ku ke ko kya kyu kyo kwa (*1)
S sa si su se so sya syu syo
T ta ti tu te to tya tyu tyo
N na ni nu ne no nya nyu nyo
H ha hi hu he ho hya hyu hyo
M ma mi mu me mo mya myu myo
Y ya (i) yu (e) yo
R ra ri ru re ro rya ryu ryo
W wa (i) (u) (e) wo (*2)
G ga gi gu ge go gya gyu gyo gwa (*1)
Z za zi zu ze zo zya zyu zyo
D da di du de do dya dyu dyo (*3)
B ba bi bu be bo bya byu byo
P pa pi pu pe po pya pyu pyo
  • (*1) "kwa, gwa" o kuwaeru
  • (*2) "(o)" → "wo"
  • (*3) "(zi), (zu), (zya), (zyu), (zyo)" → "di, du, dya, dyu, dyo"
  • Kunrei-shiki ni fukumarenai kimari.
    • "wi, we" o tsukau.

Kana-Moji no Dairi Hyouki

  Kono Blog de wa, kana-Moji o Chokusetsu kaku koto wa shi-masen. Sono kawari ni Dairi-Hyouki o mochii-masu. Riyuu to shite, kana-Moji no katachi o Chokusetsu miseru to kana-Moji o Kyakkan-shi dekinaku naru kara desu. Dairi-Hyouki wa Arufabetto (Alphabet) o tsukai-masu.

Fugou

  • Chouon-pu: [-]
  • Dakuten: ["]
  • HanDakuten: [']

Chokuon

  • Seion
    • [A][I][U][E][O][KA][KI][KU][KE][KO]
    • [SA][SI][SU][SE][SO][TA][TI][TU][TE][TO]
    • [NA][NI][NU][NE][NO][HA][HI][HU][HE][HO]
    • [MA][MI][MU][ME][MO][YA][YU][YO]
    • [RA][RI][RU][RE][RO][WA][WI][WE][WO]
  • Dakuon
    • [KA"][KI"][KU"][KE"][KO"][SA"][SI"][SU"][SE"][SO"]
    • [TA"][TI"][TU"][TE"][TO"][HA"][HI"][HU"][HE"][HO"]
  • HanDakuon
    • [HA'][HI'][HU'][HE'][HO']

Hatsuon (Haneru-on)

  • [N~]

Sute-gana (Kogaki-gana)

  • [a][i][u][e][o][tu][ya][yu][yo][wa]

Sokuon (Tsumaru-on)

  • [tu]

KaiYouon

  • Seion
    • [KIya][KIyu][KIyo][SIya][SIyu][SIyo]
    • [TIya][TIyu][TIyo][NIya][NIyu][NIyo]
    • [HIya][HIyu][HIyo][MIya][MIyu][MIyo]
    • [RIya][RIyu][RIyo]
  • Dakuon
    • [KI"ya][KI"yu][KI"yo][SI"ya][SI"yu][SI"yo]
    • [TI"ya][TI"yu][TI"yo][HI"ya][HI"yu][HI"yo]
  • HanDakuon
    • [HI'ya][HI'yu][HI'yo]

GouYouon

  • [KUwa][KU"wa]

Gairai-on

  • [Ie][Ui][Ue][Uo]
  • [U"][U"a][U"i][U"e][U"o][U"yu][U"yo]
  • [KIe][KUa][KUi][KUe][KUo]
  • [KI"e][KU"a][KU"i][KU"e][KU"o]
  • [SIe][SUi][SI"e][SU"i]
  • [TIe][TUa][TUi][TUe][TUo]
  • [TEi][TEyu][TOu][TE"i][TE"yu][TO"u][NIe]
  • [HIe][HUa][HUi][HUe][HUo][HUyu][HUyo]

Mihon

English Roman Alphabet
Kana-Moji [RO - MA N~ A RU HUa HE" tu TO]
Rooma-ji Rooman Arufabetto

S Caron de okikaeru "sh" to "ch"

  Hebon-shiki no "ts" o "c" ni okikaeru to ShinNihon-shiki ni chikaku nari-masu. Konkai wa "sh" o "š" ni okikaete mi-masu.

sa shi su se so sha shu sho
sh → š sa ši su se so sha shu sho

  "sha, shu, sho" o okikaenai no wa Youon no Imeeji (Image) o tamotsu tame desu.

ta chi tsu te to cha chu cho
c → ts ta tshi tsu te to tsha tshu tsho
sh → š ta tši tsu te to tša tšu tšo

  "tsha, tshu, tsho" wa tsuzuri ga 4-Moji o koeru no de, "tša, tšu, tšo" to suru koto de, 3-Moji ni osame-masu.

B G K M N R S T W
tobu kogu aku amu šinu uru osu utsu au
Mizen -a tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- ut- aw-
Renqyou -i tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- oš- utš- a-
Shuushi -u tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- uts- a-
Rentai -u tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- uts- a-
Katei -e tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- ut- a-
Meirei -e tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- ut- a-
Mizen -o tob- kog- ak- am- šin- ur- os- ut- a-
Renqyou -t ai- ut- oši- ut- at-
Renqyou -d ton- koi- an- šin-

  Doushi no Katsuyou ga Hebon-shiki o tsukatta toki yori Kisoku-tadashiku mie-masu. Mata, "atchi" ga "attši" to nari, Sokuon no Reigai ga naku nari-masu. Zannen nagara, "š" o Nyuuryoku suru koto wa Kantan de wa ari-masen.

Sankou

  Hoka ni "c" to "z" ni mo Caron o tsukeru koto ga deki-masu.

c č š ž
Hebon ts ch sh ch j
Kunrei ty sy ty zy

Wogura Hyakunin Issyu

"Wogura Hyakunin Issyu" o Shoukai shi-masu.

  • 1. Tendi Tenwau
    • Aki no ta no kariho no iho no toma wo arami
    • wa ga koromode ha tuyu ni nuretutu
  • 2. Ditou Tenwau
    • Haru sugite natu kinikerasi sirotahe no
    • koromo hosu tehu ama no kaguyama
  • 3. Kakinomoto no Hitomaro
    • Asibiki no yamadori no wo no sidariwo no
    • naganagasi yo wo hitori kamo nemu
  • 4. Yamabe no Akahito
    • Tago no ura ni utiidete mireba sirotahe no
    • huzi no takane ni yuki ha huritutu
  • 5. Sarumaru Daihu
    • Okuyama ni momidi humiwake naku sika no
    • kowe kiku toki zo aki ha kanasiki
  • 6. Tyuunagon Yakamoti
    • Kasasagi no wataseru hasi ni oku simo no
    • siroki wo mireba yo zo hukenikeru
  • 7. Abe no Nakamaro
    • Ama no hara hurisake-mireba kasuga naru
    • mikasa no yama ni idesi tuki ka mo
  • 8. Kisen Hohusi
    • Wa ga iho ha miyako no tatumi sika zo sumu
    • yo wo Udiyama to hito ha ihu nari
  • 9. Wono no Komati
    • Hana no iro ha uturinikeri na itadura ni
    • wa ga mi yo ni huru nagame sesi ma ni
  • 10. Semimaru
    • Kore ya ko no yuku mo kaheru mo wakarete ha
    • siru mo siranu mo Ahusaka no seki
  • 11. Sangi Takamura
    • Wata no hara yasosima kakete kogiidenu to
    • hito ni ha tugeyo ama no turibune
  • 12. Souzyau Henzeu
    • Amatukage kumo no kayohidi hukitodiyo
    • Wotome no sugata sibasi todomemu
  • 13. Yauzei win
    • Tukubane no mine yori oturu mina no gawa
    • kohi zo tumorite huti to narinuru 
  • 14. Kahara no Sadaizin
    • Mitinoku no sinobu modizuri tare yuwe ni
    • midare-somenisi ware naranaku ni
  • 15. Kwaukou Tenwau
    • Kimi ga tame haru no no ni idete wakana tumu
    • wa ga koromode ni yuki ha huritutu
  • 16. Tyuunagon Yukihira
    • Tatiwakare Inaba no yama no mine ni ohuru
    • matu to si kikaba ima kaeri-komu 
  • 17. Arihara no Narihira Ason
    • Tihayaburu kamiyo mo kikazu Tatutagaha
    • karakurenawi ni midu kukuru to ha
  • 18. Hudihara no Tosiyuki Ason
    • Sumi no e no kisi ni yoru nami yoru sahe ya
    • yumo no kayohidi hitome yokuramu
  • 19. Ise
    • Nanihagata midikaki asi no husi no ma mo
    • ahade ko no yo wo sugu site yo to ya
  • 20. Motoyosi Sinwau
    • Wabinureba ima hata onazi Naniha naru
    • mi wo tukusite mo ahamu to zo omohu
  • 21. Sosei Hohusi
    • Ima komu to ihisi bakari ni nagatuki no
    • ariake no tuki wo matiideturu ka na
  • 22. Hunqya no Yasuhide
    • Huku kara ni aki no kusaki no siworureba
    • mube yamakaze wo arasi to ihu ramu
  • 23. Ohoe no Tisato
    • Tuki mireba tidini mono koso kanasikere
    • wa ga mi hitotu no aki ni ha aranedo
  • 24. Kwanke
    • Ko no tabi ha nusa mo toriahezu Tamukeyama
    • momidi no nisiki kami no ma ni ma ni
  • 25. Sandeu no Udaizin
    • Na ni si ohaba Ahusakayama no sanekadura
    • hito ni sirarede kuru yosi mo ga na
  • 26. Teisin Kou
    • Wogurayama mine no momidiba kokoro araba
    • ima hitotabi no miyuki mata namu
  • 27. Tyuunagon Kanesuke
    • Mika no hara wakite nagaruru idumigaha
    • itu miki to te ka kohisikaru ramu
  • 28. Minamoto no Muneyuki Ason
    • Yamazato ha huyu zo sabisisa masarikeru
    • hitome mo kusa mo karenu to omoheba
  • 29. Ohosikauti no Mitune
    • Kokoroate ni woraba ya woramu hatusimo no
    • okimadohaseru siragiku no hana
  • 30. Mibu no Tadamine
    • Ariakeno turenaku miesi wakare yori
    • akatuki bakari uki mono ha nasi
  • 31. Sakanouhe no Korenori
    • Asaborake ariake no tuki to miru made ni
    • Yosino no sato ni hureru sirayuki
  • 32. Harumiti no Turaki
    • Yamagaha ni kaze no kaketaru sigarami ha
    • nagare mo ahenu momidi narikeri
  • 33. Ki no Tomonori
    • Hisakata no hikari nodokeki haru no hi ni
    • sidukokoro naku hana no tiru ramu
  • 34. Hudihara no Okikaze
    • Tare wo ka mo siru hito ni semu takasago no
    • matu mo mukasi no tomo naranaku ni
  • 35. Ki no Turayuki
    • Hito ha isa kokoro mo sirazu hurusato ha
    • hana zo mukasi no ka ni nihohikeru
  • 36. Kiyohara no Hukayabu
    • Natu no yo ha mada yohi nagara akenuru wo
    • kumo no iduku ni tuki yadoru ramu
  • 37. Hunqya no Asakasu
    • Siratuyu ni kaze no huki-siku aki no no ha
    • turanuki-tomenu tama zo tirikeru
  • 38. Ukon
    • Wasuraruru mi wo ba omohazu tikahite si
    • hito no inoti no wosiku mo aru ka na
  • 39. Sangi Hitosi
    • Asadihu no wono no sinohara sinoburedo
    • amarite nado ka hito no kohisiki
  • 40. Tahira no Kanemori
    • Sinoburedo iro ni idenikeri wa ga kohi ha
    • mono ya omohu to hito no tohu made
  • 41. Mibu no Tadami
    • kohi sutehu wa ga na ha madaki tatinikeri
    • hito sirezu koso omohi-somesika
  • 42. Kiyohara no Motosuke
    • Tigiriki na katami ni sode wo siboritutu
    • suwe no matuyama nami kosazi to ha
  • 43. Gon Tyuunagon Atutada
    • Ahi-mite no noti no kokoro ni kurabureba
    • mukasi ha mono wo omohazarikeri
  • 44. Tyuunagon Asatada
    • Ahu koto no taete sinaku ha nakanaka ni
    • hito wo mo mi wo mo uramizaramasi
  • 45. Kentoku Kou
    • Ahare to mo ihu beki hito ha omohoede
    • mi no itadura ni narinu beki ka na
  • 46. Sone no Yositada
    • Yura no to wo wataru hunabito kadi wo tae
    • yuku he mo siranu kohi no miti ka na
  • 47. Wegyau Hohusi
    • Yahemugura sigereru yado no sabisiki ni
    • hito koso miene aki ha kinikeri
  • 48. Minamoto no Sigeyuki
    • Kaze wo itami iha utu nami no onore no mi
    • kudakete mono wo omohu koro ka na
  • 49. Ohonakatomi no Yosinobu Ason
    • Mikakimori wezi no taku hi no yoru ha moe
    • hiru ha kietutu mono wo koso omohe
  • 50. Hudihara no Yositaka
    • Kimi ga tame wosikarazarisi inoti sahe
    • nagaku mo ga na to omohikeru ka na
  • 51. Hudihawa no Sanekata Ason
    • Kaku to dani e ya ha ibuki no sasi mo gusa
    • sasi mo sirazi na moyuru omohi wo
  • 52. Hudihara no Mitinobu Ason
    • Akenureba kururu mono to ha siri nagara
    • naho uramesiki asaborake ka na
  • 53. Udaisyau Mitituna no Haha
    • Nagekitutu hitori nuru yo no akuru ma ha
    • ika ni hisasiki mono to ka ha siru
  • 54.Gidousansi no Haha
    • Wasurezi no yukusuwe made ha katakereba
    • kehu wo kagiri no inoti to mo ga na
  • 55. Dainagon Kintahu
    • Taki no oto ha taete hisasiku narinuredo
    • na koso nagarete naho kikoekere
  • 56. Idumi Sikihu
    • Arazaramu kono yo no hoka no omohide ni
    • ima hitotabi no ahu kotomo ga na
  • 57.
    • Meguri ahite misi ya sore to mo wakanu ma ni
    • kumo-gakurenisi yoha no tuki ka na
  • 58. Daini no Sanmi
    • Arimayama wina no sasahara kaze hukeba
    • ide soyo hito wo wasure ya ha suru
  • 60. Kosikibu no Naisi
    • Ohoeyama ikuno no miti no tohokereba
    • mada humi mo mizu ama no hasidate
  • 61. Ise no Taihu
    • Inisi he no nara no miyako no yahezakura
    • kehu kokonohe ni nihohinuru ka na
  • 62. Sei Seunagon
    • Yo wo komete tori no sorane ha hakaru to mo
    • yo ni ahusaka no seki ha yurusazi
  • 63. Sakyau no Daihu Mitimasa
    • Ima ha tada omohi taenamu to bakari wo
    • hitodute narade ihu yosi mo ga na
  • 64. Gon Tyuunagon Sadayori
    • Asaborake udi no ka hagiri taedae ni
    • arahare-wataru seze no azirogi
  • 65. Sagami
    • Uramiwabi hosanu sode dani aru mono wo
    • kohi ni kutinamu na koso wosikere
  • 66. Daisousyau Gyauson
    • Morotomo ni ahare to omohe yamazakura
    • hana yori hoka ni siru hito mo nasi
  • 67. Suhau no Naisi
    • Haru no yo no yume bakari naru tamakura ni
    • kahi naku tatamu na koso wosikere
  • 68. Sandeu no Win
    • Kokoro ni mo arade uki yo ni nagaraheba
    • kohisikaru beki yoha no tuki ka na
  • 69. Nouin Hahusi
    • Arasi huku mimuro no yama no momidiba ha
    • tatuta no kaha no nisiki narikeri
  • 70. Ryauzen Hahusi
    • Sabisisa ni yado wo tatiidete nagamureba
    • iduku mo onazi aki no yuhugure
  • 71. Dainagon Tunenobu
    • Yuhu sareba kadota no inaba otodurete
    • asi no maroya ni akikaze zo huku
  • 72. Iusi Naisinwauke no Kii
    • Oto ni kiku takasi no hama no adanami ha
    • kakezi ya sode no nure mo koso sure
  • 73. Saki no Tyuunagon Masahusa
    • Takasago no wonohe no sakura sakinikeri
    • toyama no kasumi tatazu mo aranamu
  • 74. Minamoto no Tosiyori Ason
    • Ukarikeru hito wo hatuse no yamaorosi yo
    • hagesikare to ha inoranu mono wo
  • 75. Hudihara no Mototosi
    • Tigiriokisi sasemo ga tuyu wo inoti ni te
    • ahare kotosi no aki mo inumeri
  • 76. Hossyauzi no Nihudau Saki no Kwanpaku Daizyau Daizin
    • Wata no hara kogiidete mireba hisakata no
    • kumowi ni magahu okitu siranami
  • 77. Sutoku Win
    • Se wo hayami iha ni sekaruru takigaha no
    • warete mo suwe ni ahamu to zo omohu
  • 78. Minamoto no Kanemasa
    • Ahadisima kayohu tidori no naku kowe ni
    • iku yo nezamenu suma no sekimori
  • 79. Sakyau no Daibu Akisuke
    • Akikaze ni tanabiku kumo no taema yori
    • moreiduru tuki no kage no sayakesa
  • 80. Taiken Monwin Horikaha
    • Nagakaramu kokoro mo sirazu kurokami no
    • midarete kesa ha mono wo koso omohe
  • 81. Gotoku Daizi no Sadaizin
    • Hototogisu nakituru kata wo nagamureba
    • tada ariake no tuki zo nokoreru
  • 82. Dauin Hohusi
    • Omohiwabi satemo inoti ha aru mono wo
    • ukini tahenu ha namida narikeri
  • 83. Kwautaikougyuu no Daibu Syunzei
    • Yo no naka yo miti koso nakere omohiiru
    • yama no oku ni mo sika zo naku naru
  • 85. Syunwe Hohusi
    • Yo mo sugara mono omohu koro ha akeyaranu
    • neya no hima sahe turenakarikeri
  • 86. Sigyau Hahusi
    • Nageke to te tuki ya ha mono wo omohasuru
    • kakotigaho naru wa ga namida ka na
  • 87. Zyakuren Hohusi
    • Nurasame no tuyu mo mada hinu maki no ha ni
    • kiri tati noboru aki no yuhugure
  • 88. Kwauka Monwin no Bettau
    • Nanihae no asi no karine no hitoyo yuwe
    • mi wo tukusite ya kohiwataru beki
  • 89. Syokusi Naisinwau
    • Tama no wo yo taenaba taene nagaraheba
    • sinoburu koto no yowari mo zo suru
  • 90. Inpu Monwin no Taihu
    • Miseba ya na wozima no ama no sode dani mo
    • nureni zo nuresi iro ha kaharazu
  • 91. Gokyaugoku Sessyau Saki no Daizyau Daizin
    • Kirigirisu naku ya simoyo no samusiro ni
    • koromo katasiki hitori ka mo nemu
  • 92. Nideuwin no Sanuki
    • Wa ga sode ha sihohi ni mienu oki no isi no
    • hito koso sirane kawaku ma mo nasi
  • 93. Kamakura no Udaizin
    • Yo no naka ha tune ni mo ga mo na nagisa kogu
    • ama no kobune no tunade kanasi mo
  • 94. Sangi Masatune
    • Miyosino no yama no akikaze sayo hukete
    • hurusato samuku koromo utunari
  • 95. Saki no Daisouzyau ziwen
    • Ohoke naku uki yo no tami ni ohohu ka na
    • wa ga tatu soma ni sumizome no sode
  • 96. Nihudau Saki no Daizyau Daizin
    • Hana sasohu arasi no niha no yuki narade
    • huriyuku mono ha wagami narikeri
  • 97. Gon Tyuunagon Teika
    • Konu hito wo matu ho no ura no yuhunagi ni
    • yaku ya mosiho no mi mo kogaretutu
  • 98. Zyuniwi Ihetaka
    • Kaze soyogu nara no wogaha no yuhugure ha
    • misogi zo natu no sirusi narikeru
  • 99. Gotoba Win
    • Hito mo wosi hito mo uramesi adiki naku
    • yo wo omohu yuwe ni mono omohu mi ha
  • 100. Zyuntoku Win
    • Momosiki ya huruki nokiba no sinobu ni mo
    • naho amari aru mukasi narikeri

HA-gyou Tenko-on

  Rekishi-teki-kanazukai de [HA][HE][HI][HO][HU] to tsuzuru kana-Moji wa, "wa, e, i, o, u" to yomu koto ga ari-masu. Korera no yomi o HA-gyou Tenko-on[*1] to yobi-masu.
  [HA][HE][HI][HO][HU] wa, Heian Jidai yori mae wa "pa, pe, pi, po, pu" to Hatsuon shita kana-Moji desu. Mata, Azuchi-Momoyama Jidai ni wa "fa, fe, fi, fo, fu" datta koto ga Kirisuto-kyou no Bunken de Kakunin sarete i-masu. Soshite, Gotou (Tango no atama) de wa, mada "f" no mama desu ga, Gochuu (Tango no Tochuu) de wa, "wa, we, wi, wo, u" to Hatsuon sarete i-masu. Sarani Edo Jidai ni naru to Gotou de wa "ha, he, hi, ho, fu", Gochuu de wa "wa, e, i, o, u" to nari-masu.
  Korera no Henka o Daihyou-teki na Jidai-Kubun, Kofun[*2], Heian[*3], Edo[*4] o mochiite, Seiri shimasu.

Gotou [HA] [HE] [HI] [HO] [HU]
Kofun pa pe pi po pu
Heian fa fe fi fo fu
Edo ha he hi ho fu
Gochuu [HA] [HE] [HI] [HO] [HU]
Kofun pa pe pi po pu
Heian fa fe fi fo fu
wa we wi wo u
Edo wa e i o u

  Toku ni "pu" kara "fu" o hete "u" e no Henka wa Eikyou-ryoku ga tsuyoku, "au", "eu", "iu" to iu 2juu-Boin no yomi o ookiku kaeru koto ni nari-mashita.

Wakachigami no meyasu

  Wakachigani no meyasu o Setsumei shi-masu.

  • Katsuyou shi-nai kotoba (Meishi, Daimeishi, Fukushi, Rentai-shi, Setsuzoku-shi, Kandou-shi, Joshi)
    • Kokugo-Jiten no midashi-go o wakachigaki no katamari to shi-masu.
  • Katsuyou suru kotoba (Doushi, Keiyoushi, Keiou-Doushi, Jodoushi)
    • Kokugo-Jiten no midashi-go to onaji katachi (Shuushi-kei to Rentai-kei) wa ushiro o kirihanashi-masu. Sore Igai no katachi ni Fuzoku-go ga tsunagaru toki wa tsuzukete kaki-masu. Kuwashiku wa nochi hodo Setsumei shi-masu.

Doushi ni tsuzukete kaku Fuzoku-go

toku togu tokeru
Mizen -mai tokemai (*1)
-nai tokanai toganai tokenai (*2)
-nu tokanu toganu tokenu (*3)
-reru tokareru togareru tokerareru (*4)
-seru tokaseru togaseru tokesaseru (*4)
-u tokou togou tokeyou
Renqyou -masu tokimasu togimasu tokemasu
-sou tokisou togisou tokesou
-tai tokitai togitai toketai (*5)
-ta toita toida toketa (*6)
-tari toitari toidari toketari
-te toite toide tokete
Katei -ba tokeba togeba tokereba
  • (*1) Shuushi-kei ni tsuzuku baai wa kirihanasu.
    • Rei: toku mai, togu mai, tokeru mai
  • (*2) Keiyoushi-gata to shite, sarani Katsuyou suru.
  • (*3) Hoka ni "-zu, -n, -neba" no katachi o motsu.
    • Rei: tokazu, tokan, tokaneba
  • (*4) Doushi-gata to shite, sarani Katsuyou suru.
  • (*5) Keiyoushi-gata to shite, sarani Katsuyou suru. Hoka ni "-tagaru" to iu katachi o mochi, Doushi-gata to shite, sarani Katsuyou suru.
  • (*6) Hoka ni "-tarou, -tara, -taraba" no katachi o motsu.
    • Rei: toitarou, toitara, toitaraba
    • Rei: toidarou, toidara, toidaraba

Keiyoushi, Jodoushi ni tsuzukete kaku Fuzoku-go

aoi da desu -masu
Mizen -n -masen
-u aokarou darou deshou -mashou
Gokan -sou aosou
Renqyou -ta aokatta datta deshita -mashita (*1)
-tari aokattari dattari deshitari -mashitari
-te aokute deshite -mashite
Katei -ba aokereba naraba -masureba
  • (*1) Hoka ni "-tarou, -tara, -taraba" no katachi o motsu.
    • Rei: aokattarou, aokattara, aokattaraba

Keiyou-Doushi, SA-hen-Fukugou-Doushi

  Keiyou-Doushi to SA-hen-Fukugou-Doushi no midashi-go wa, Kokugo-Jiten de wa, Katsuyou shinai katachi na no de, midashi-go o wakachigai no katamari to minashi, nokori no Bubun o Kuuhaku de kirihanashi-masu.

  • Keiyou-Doushi: shizuka da
  • Keiyou-Doushi-gata no Jodoushi: sou da, you da
  • SA-hen-Fukugou-Doushi: Benkyou suru

Nagai Fukugou-go

  Nagai Fukugou-go wa Hyphenation o okonatte, Imi o wakari-yasuku shi-masu. Renqyou-kei ni Setsuzoku suru "-masu" to "-tai" to "-tagaru" mo onaji you ni Hyphen de kugiru Taishou desu.

  • Roomajichousabunkashingikaisoukai → Roomaji-Chousa-Bunka-Shingikai-Soukai
  • yorisoitagarimashitaraba → yori-soi-tagari-mashitaraba